Sculptures in Lincoln Park/El Parque de Mexico
Title: Emiliano Zapata
Artist: Ignacio Asunsolo
Material: Bronze on concrete base with fountain
From 1910 until he was assassinated by agents of Venustiano
Carranza, Emiliano Zapata (1879-1919) led a peasant army in
southern Mexico. Honored and remembered for establishing the
foundation of Mexico's agrarian land policy. Zapata formed
cooperatives and redistributed land confiscated earlier by large
landowners during the reign of Porfirio Diaz.
Ignacio Asunsolo (1890-1965), born in Parral, Chihuahua, was one
of Mexico's most important sculptors of monuments. In addition to
this $386,000 monument to Zapata, which was donated to Los Angeles
by the people of Mexico City, Asunsolo executed a similar one for
Huipulco, D. F. His most famous work was the large monument to
Miguel Aleman at the University of Mexico, which was dynamited
twice during the student unrest in 1968.
Text from accompanying plaque: "Born in Anenecuilco and murdered
in Chinameca, Morelos. General commander of the Ejercito
Libertador del Centro y del Sur, throughout the 1920 Mexican
Revolution. He [?] the farmers movement for taking the land on, by
proclaiming the Plan de Ayala; fundamental principle to the land
improvement in Mexico.. Gift from Mexico City to the City of Los
Title: Emperor Cuauhtemoc
Emperor Cuauhtemoc (1502?-1525) is honored and remembered, not
only for being the last Aztec ruler, but also for his resistance
to Hernan Cortes and the Spanish conquest. After the death of
Moctezuma in 1520, the Aztecs defeated Cortes and pushed the
invading Spanish forces out of Tenochtitlan. Ciutlahuac, a nephew
of Moctezuma, was appointed leader of the Aztecs but his death a
few months later during a smallpox epidemic, led to the succession
of Cuauhtemoc, who was another nephew of Moctezuma. As the last
Aztec emperor, Cuauhtemoc defended the capital, Tenochtitlan,
during the final assault by Cortes. After the capital fell in
August, 1521, Cuauhtemoc was captured, imprisoned for four years,
and then executed. This monument is similar, but not identical to
a larger late 19th century monument to Cuauhtemoc that can be seen
in the Paseo de la Reforma in Mexico City.
From the plaque on the sculpture:
Last of the Aztec emperors, Cuauhtemoc led a valiant defense of
the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan (now Mexico City) against the
invasion of the Spanish conqueror Hernando Cortes in 1521.
Although defeated and captured, Cuauhtemoc's pride and dignity
remained strong. Even when tortured by fire, he refused to reveal
the location of the Aztec treasure.
Cuauhtemoc was hanged on Feb 26, 1525, accused by Cortes of
conspiring against him.
A bicentennal presentation to the city of Los Angeles by
Cerveceria Cuauhtemoc (Monterrey, Mexico) and Wisdom Import Sales
Company, Inc (Irvine, CA). October 13, 1981.
Photos by Sal Rojas
The text below is from a print publication entitled Lincoln Park (El Parque de Mexico); Statues and Sculptures, published by Urban Art Inc. The original publication was made possible through grants from the Cultural Affairs Department of the City of Los Angeles and Save Outdoor Sculpture!