The Aztecs established a lineage of emperors. Each emperor was
elected from the royal lineage by a council made up of priest,
warriors, and nobles. The reigns would first pass from brother to
brother before they were passed to the next generation . Below is
is a list of known Aztec emperors and the probable dates of their
Was the first "true" emperor, and descended from the Toltecs.
Was the son of Acamapichtli.
Believed to had been the grandson of Acamapichtli.
Under his leadership, the people serve as mercenaries to
Tezozomoc, a ruthless warrior of the Tepanecs. He died in
a mysterious fashion, likely by the hands of the Tepanecs.
Was related to Acamapichtli. Under his leadership,
the Aztecs broke with the Tepanecs. Itzcóatl's advisor was a brillant
and powerful man named Tlacaelel. He suggested that all early recorded
history be burned, and history be rewritten beginning at that time.
Moctezuma I: (1440-1469)
Moctezuma was Itzcóal's nephew. During his rule
the Aztec empire was greatly expanded. He built botanical and
zoological gardens, where every known plant and animal were
collected and study. It was also during his reign, that a
severe drought caused a great famine, that his people had
to sell themselves to the people of Veracruz. Human Sacrifice
dramattically increased and the "Flowery Wars" provided
the necessary sacrificial victims.
Was Moctezuma's grandson who spent most of his
time reconquering lost territories and suppressing rebellions.
Was Moctezuma's grandson and Axayácatl
brother. He was a weak and cowardly emperor.
Was Moctezuma's grandson and brother of Axayácatl
and Tizoc. He was an aggressive military leader who expaned
Aztec territory to the Guatemalan border. The main temple at
Tenochtitlán was completed during his reigh.
Moctezuma II: (1502-1520)
The son of Axayácatl, great grandson
of Moctezuma I. He was a powerful and knowledgable emperor,
and a capable but demanding leader. Who was trained to be a
emperor since birth. He transformed Tenochtitlán into
an awe inspiring cultural metropolis. He was very superstitous
and believed in the legend of Quetzalcóatl. He always
be remembered for his surrender of Tenochtitlán to the
Spanish. He Died in 1520 in the midst of a bloodly battle against
He was Moctezuma nephew. Who only ruled for
four months, died of disease brought by the
He was the son of Ahuitzáotl, and nephew
to Moctezuma and Cuitláhuach. He was the last of the
Aztec emperors and the bravest of them all. He fought courageous
against the Spaniards in the defense of their great city of
Tenochtitlán. He died in 1524, he was hung by the Spaniards.